Leptin suppresses insulin secretion by opening ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels and hyperpolarizing beta-cells. We measured the intracellular concentration of ATP ([ATP](i)) in tumor-derived beta-cells, INS-1, and found that leptin reduced [ATP](i) by approximately 30%, suggesting that the opening of K(ATP) channels by leptin is mediated by decreased [ATP](i). A reduction in glucose availability for metabolism may explain the decreased [ATP](i), since leptin (30 min) reduced glucose transport into INS-1 cells by approximately 35%, compared to vehicle-treated cells. The twofold induction of GLUT2 phosphorylation by GLP-1, an insulin secretagogue, was abolished by leptin. Therefore, the acute effect of leptin could involve covalent modification of GLUT2. These findings suggest that leptin may inhibit insulin secretion by reducing [ATP](i) as a result of reduced glucose availability for the metabolic pathway. In addition, leptin reduced glucose transport by 35% in isolated rat hepatocytes that also express GLUT2, suggesting that glucose transport may also be altered by leptin in other glucose-responsive tissues such as the liver.
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