Genomic structure and transcriptional regulation of the human NAD+-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase gene

in Journal of Molecular Endocrinology

The NAD(+)-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (PGDH) is a catabolic enzyme that controls the biological activities of prostaglandins by converting them into inactive keto-metabolites. Here we report the genomic organisation of the complete human PGDH gene and characterise its transcriptional regulation. The PGDH gene spans about 31 kb on chromosome 4 and contains 7 exons. Within 2.4 kb of the 5'-flanking sequence we identified two regions with clustered putative transcription factor binding sites. The distal promoter element PGDH-DE (positions-2152/-1944 relative to the start codon) contains binding sites for Ets and activating protein-1 (AP-1) flanked by two cAMP-responsive element-binding protein binding sites (CREB1, CREB2), whereas the proximal element PGDH-PE (-235/-153) includes an Ets and an AP-1 binding sequence. By electrophoretic mobility shift assay, no high affinity binding of Ets or AP-1 factors was observed with PGDH-PE, whereas we confirmed interaction of members of the Ets, AP-1 and CREB families of transcription factors with PGDH-DE. Transcriptional control of the PGDH promoter was assessed by transiently transfecting JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells. A luciferase reporter gene construct containing the PGDH-PE was not induced by c-jun/c-fos in the absence or presence of co-expressed Ets-1. A construct carrying the PGDH-DE in front of the minimal homologous promoter was activated by co-transfection of expression vectors for AP-1 proteins. Mutation of the AP-1 or CREB2 site reduced the response to c-jun/c-fos, whereas mutation of the Ets site of the distal element reduced basal promoter activity. CREB activated the PGDH-DE construct through the CREB1 site. These results defined the distal element as an integrator of transcriptional regulation by AP-1, Ets and CREB proteins.

If the inline PDF is not rendering correctly, you can download the PDF file here.

 

      Society for Endocrinology

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 0 0 0
Full Text Views 199 126 6
PDF Downloads 234 140 4