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Maria Cernea, Wei Tang, Haiyan Guan, and Kaiping Yang

adipogenesis, a process that involves three key steps: proliferation, commitment and terminal differentiation ( Moreno-Navarrete & Fernandez-Real 2012 ). Adipocyte number is established during early life by various environmental factors ( Spalding et al . 2008

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Changgui Shi, Ping Huang, Hui Kang, Bo Hu, Jin Qi, Min Jiang, Hanbing Zhou, Lei Guo, and Lianfu Deng

. 2013 ). Results of previous studies have indicated that the induction of osteoblast apoptosis and the inhibition of osteoblast proliferation and differentiation eventually lead to a reduction in bone formation ( Weinstein et al . 1998 , Pereira et al

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Ruiqi Ma, Lu Gan, Hui Ren, Andrew Harrison, and Jiang Qian

their responses to antioxidants. Significant differences between the TAO and control OFs have been identified in aspects of proliferation, cytokine production, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and so forth ( Byun et al. 2016 , Choi et al

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Hui Juan Zhu, Hui Pan, Xu Zhe Zhang, Nai Shi Li, Lin Jie Wang, Hong Bo Yang, and Feng Ying Gong

particular, the balance between cell acquisition and cell loss ( Fruhbeck 2008 ). The proliferation of preadipocytes and their differentiation into mature adipocytes, combined with the apoptosis of preadipocytes, all contribute to the development of obesity

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Ting Yan, Wangwang Qiu, Jianlu Song, Youben Fan, and Zhili Yang

showed that ARHGAP36 promoted the proliferation and migration of PTC cells through related signaling pathways. These results suggest that ARHGAP36 can be used as a potential diagnostic marker and therapeutic target molecule for recurrence and

Open access

Yali Ling, Feng Xu, Xuedi Xia, Dexing Dai, Ruoman Sun, and Zhongjian Xie

kinds of cells, playing an important role in cell differentiation and proliferation as well as apoptosis ( Mehta & Mehta 2002 ). More recently, growing evidence has demonstrated that VDR protects against tumor progression of a number of common cancers

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Rachel C Quilang, Sylvia Lui, and Karen Forbes

signalling pathways and has multiple roles in developmental processes including proliferation, differentiation and angiogenesis ( Chang et al. 2002 , Maile & Clemmons 2002 , Mannell et al. 2008 , Mannell & Krotz 2014 ). Studies in mice first

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Trinidad Raices, María Luisa Varela, Casandra Margarita Monzón, María Florencia Correa Torrado, Romina María Pagotto, Marcos Besio Moreno, Carolina Mondillo, Omar Pedro Pignataro, and Elba Nora Pereyra

proliferation-regulating functions in LC and other steroidogenic populations ( Del Punta et al. 1996 , Mondillo et al. 2005 , Li et al. 2017 , Zhao et al. 2017 and others). Concertedly, these factors fine-tune LC proficiency in testosterone

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Caroline M Gorvin, Paul J Newey, and Rajesh V Thakker

target genes that regulate proliferation, differentiation, and cell survival ( Fresno Vara et al. 2000 , Amaral et al. 2004 , Brooks 2012 ). Despite these findings, the function of individual residues in receptor activation and signal transduction

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Giulia Cantini, Martina Trabucco, Alessandra Di Franco, Edoardo Mannucci, and Michaela Luconi

abdominal fat depots and characterized by our group ( Baglioni et al. 2009 , 2012 ), liraglutide and GLP-1 have recently been demonstrated to interfere with adipocyte proliferation and differentiation ( Cantini et al. 2015 , 2017 ), as further