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Yousheng Xu, Yongshun Wang, Jingjin Liu, Wei Cao, Lili Li, Hongwei Du, Enbo Zhan, Ruoxi Zhang, Huimin Liu, Maoen Xu, Tao Chen, Yilin Qu, and Bo Yu

cardiomyopathy, which will lead to explore novel therapeutic approaches for alleviating cardiac injuries and preventing detrimental outcomes. Adipose tissue, mainly comprising neutral lipid, is closely correlated with amounts of clinical parameters such as

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Lingyun Zhang, Takashi Sugiyama, Nao Murabayashi, Takashi Umekawa, Ning Ma, Yuki Kamimoto, Yoshihiro Ogawa, and Norimasa Sagawa

Introduction A chronic low-grade inflammatory state of adipose tissue has been implicated in the development of insulin resistance in non-pregnant (NP) obese subjects ( Weisberg et al . 2003 , Xu et al . 2003 ). Adipocytes in obesity increase

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Yuanyuan Huang, Hanlin Zhang, Meng Dong, Lei Zhang, Jun Lin, Rongcai Ye, Huiqiao Zhou, Xiaomeng Liu, and Wanzhu Jin

et al. 2020 ). Measurement of the mitochondrial DNA copy number Total DNA was isolated from BAT and SUB adipose tissue from the WT and TG mice at 21 weeks of age according to the manufacturer’s instructions (Tiangen). The COX II gene was used

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Stefania Carobbio, Barry Rosen, and Antonio Vidal-Puig

Introduction The brown adipose tissue (BAT) is the main site of non-shivering thermogenesis in mammals and it responds to environmental stimuli such as cold and increased lipid-rich hypercaloric caloric intake, a process referred to as adaptive

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N Hoggard, M Cruickshank, K M Moar, P Barrett, S Bashir, and J D B Miller

and developmental processes. Recently, INHBB was identified in human white adipose tissue, while INBBA, INBBC and INBBE were expressed at very low levels suggesting that INHBB is the predominant activin in human adipose tissue ( Sjoholm et al . 2006

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Janne Lebeck

Glycerol metabolism The metabolic switching between feeding and fasting is central to everyday life and involves tight hormonal control with effects on muscle, adipose tissue, and liver that maintains an adequate handling of metabolic precursors to

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N Hoggard, S Bashir, M Cruickshank, J D B Miller, and J R Speakman

. 1988 ). These peptides are widely expressed in the pituitary, brain, pancreas, adrenal and gastrointestinal tract, but have not previously been reported in adipose tissue ( Ohki-Hamazaki et al. 2005 ). Their receptors are also widely distributed not

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Irit Hochberg, Innocence Harvey, Quynh T Tran, Erin J Stephenson, Ariel L Barkan, Alan R Saltiel, William F Chandler, and Dave Bridges

leads to similar clinical manifestations. Numerous studies have shown that glucocorticoids have profound effects on adipose tissue metabolism, including the promotion of adipocyte differentiation ( Hauner et al . 1987 ) and induction of lipolysis and

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Jacqueline M Wallace, John S Milne, Raymond P Aitken, Dale A Redmer, Lawrence P Reynolds, Justin S Luther, Graham W Horgan, and Clare L Adam

content, which result in decreased financial returns for the producer ( Greenwood et al . 2010 , Nissen & Oksbjerg 2010 ). In precocial mammals, appropriate prenatal adipose tissue development is essential for adequate thermoregulation at birth to ensure

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Andrea Armani, Vincenzo Marzolla, Andrea Fabbri, and Massimiliano Caprio

& Bocchi 2000 ) and adipose tissue ( Rondinone et al . 1993 , Caprio et al . 2007 ) either low levels or lack of 11βHSD2 lead to prevailing occupancy of MR by glucocorticoids ( Funder 2000 ). In the recent years, the identification of MR in different non