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Wenhui Su and Xinchun Liu

). Rab proteins (i.e. RAB3B, RAB13, and RAB8 (RAB8A)), another small GTPase subfamily that belongs to the Ras superfamily, are localized at the cell–cell interface in epithelial cells ( Huber et al . 1993 , Weber et al . 1994 , Zahraoui et al . 1994

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Marina R Pulido, Yoana Rabanal-Ruiz, Farid Almabouada, Alberto Díaz-Ruiz, María A Burrell, María J Vázquez, Justo P Castaño, Rhonda D Kineman, Raúl M Luque, Carlos Diéguez, Rafael Vázquez-Martínez and María M Malagón

increased with fasting, in a time-dependent manner, reaching a maximal value after 48 h of fasting (13-fold increase compared with control animals). Rab18 expression levels in subcutaneous WAT also increased after 12 h of fasting (15-fold increased compared

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V S Patil, G Sachdeva, D N Modi, R R Katkam, D D Manjramkar, I Hinduja and C P Puri

of membrane trafficking by estrogen receptor alpha via induction of Rab11 in uterine glands during implantation. Molecular Endocrinology 13 993 –1004. Egea G 2001 Train trip into the cell: the Golgi apparatus as the

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Neil W Salter, Sudharsana R Ande, Hoa K Nguyen, B L Grégoire Nyomba and Suresh Mishra

.2 RAB5C, Ras-related protein Rab-5C P61107 −13.5 2 23.9 RAB14, Ras-related protein Rab-14 Q4KM74 −11.8 2 24.7 Vesicle-trafficking protein SEC22b P97700 −11 2 34.1 SLC25A11 (solute carrier family 25 member 11) O35509 −9.5 2 24.5 RAB11B, Ras

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Lena Espelage, Hadi Al-Hasani and Alexandra Chadt

closely related Rab guanosine triphosphatase-activating proteins (RabGAPs) TBC1D1 and TBC1D4, the latter also known as AKT substrate of 160 kDa, AS160 ( Dokas et al. 2013 , Chadt et al. 2015 ). This review focuses on the specific roles of the two

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Jacques-Antoine Haefliger, Françoise Rohner-Jeanrenaud, Dorothée Caille, Anne Charollais, Paolo Meda and Florent Allagnat

′-GGCACACTCTCTGGAGGAAG-3′ (sense) and 5′-GGGGAGGGGCAATAAATAAA-3′ (antisense); Rab3a: 5′-GTCAGCACTGTGGGCATAGA-3′ (sense) and 5′-TGCACTGCATTGAAGGACTC-3′ (antisense); and Gapdh: 5′-GACTCCACGACATACTCAGC-3′ (sense) and 5′-GTCGGTGTGAACGGATTTGG-3′ (antisense). All data were

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Hamedeh Ghanaat-Pour, Zhen Huang, Mikael Lehtihet and Åke Sjöholm

_012663 Vesicle-associated membrane protein 2 (Vamp2) 1.6 M83681 RAB3D, member RAS oncogene family (Rab3d) 1.6 AA943569 Synaptotagmin 1 (Syt1) 1.3 Metabolism NM_031344 Fatty acid desaturase 2 (Fads2) 1.4 AA848820 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (Hpgd

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William C Newton, Joseph W Kim, John Z Q Luo and LuGuang Luo

ILVs would be digested. Through unclear mechanisms involving certain Rab GTPases and SNARE proteins ( Ostrowski et al . 2010 , Bobrie et al . 2011 , Raposo & Stoorvogel 2013 ), the MVB instead fuses with the plasma membrane, releasing its payload of

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Loes P M Duivenvoorde, Evert M van Schothorst, Annelies Bunschoten and Jaap Keijer

limit (0.13 nM). Figure 2 HF-DR improved glucose tolerance and decreased fasted glucose and insulin levels. (A) Oral glucose tolerance was tested at the start of the intervention and after 5, 8, and 11 weeks and improved during the course of the

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Kenneth Siddle

isoforms has been demonstrated in signalling to metabolism and growth ( Dummler & Hemmings 2007 , Gonzalez & McGraw 2009 , Schultze et al . 2011 ). Well-established Akt/PKB substrates include GSK-3, regulating glycogen synthesis; the Rab GTPase