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G Levy and G Degani

– PACAP mRNA and reproduction in fish. In this study, PRP – PACAP expression was detected in the brain of the blue gourami females during different reproductive stages. The higher mRNA levels that were obtained in the brain of females, with oocytes at

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Amy L Filby, Karen L Thorpe, and Charles R Tyler

altered sexual development ( Jobling et al. 1998 ) and reduced fertility ( Jobling et al. 2002 a , b ). There are, however, highly complex interrelationships, both within and between body tissues, mediating the endocrine control of reproduction

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Anna Maria Di Blasio, Michele Vignali, and Davide Gentilini

control of sex hormones and cytokines, mimic similar effects in female reproduction ( Karasu et al . 2011 ). In this review, we will summarise the importance of the endocannabinoid system in female reproductive organs and will point out new mechanisms

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Dominique H Eghlidi, Vasilios T Garyfallou, Steven G Kohama, and Henryk F Urbanski

axis of female rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) . Biology of Reproduction 75 539 – 546 . ( doi:10.1095/biolreprod.106.051839 ) 16837643 10.1095/biolreprod.106.051839 Downs JL Mattison JA Ingram DK Urbanski HF 2008 . Effect of

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Michael E Baker and Gary Hardiman

and female reproduction, the liver is one of the most sexually dimorphic organs in terms of its transcriptomes. The liver has been the primary focus of many studies on endocrine disruption as it is the key organ involved in detoxification and responses

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Hyeyeon Ko, WooDong Park, Dae-Jung Kim, Makito Kobayashi, and Young Chang Sohn

development and reproduction. Together, with thyrotropin (TSH) and chorionic gonadotropin (CG), GTHs are members of the glycoprotein hormone family and each member is a heterodimer consisting of two subunits termed α and β ( Pierce & Parsons 1981 , Suzuki et

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Wei-An Lai, Yi-Ting Yeh, Wei-Ling Fang, Leang-Shin Wu, Nobuhiro Harada, Peng-Hui Wang, Ferng-Chun Ke, Wen-Ling Lee, and Jiuan-Jiuan Hwang

Introduction The steroid hormone estrogen governs female reproductive competence and whole-body well-being ( Rosenfeld et al . 2001 ). Estrogens in the circulation are largely produced in ovarian granulosa cells through aromatase conversion of

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S Mani

The current and expanded view of transcriptional regulation by the steroid/thyroid superfamily of nuclear transcription factors integrates not only the hormone-dependent but also the hormone-independent cellular signaling mechanisms in physiology and reproduction. This effort has vastly been aided by the identification of steroid hormone receptors as transcriptional mediators of a variety of ligands, whose transcriptional response is dependent upon cross-talk with distinct signal transduction pathways, their recruitment of coregulators, alteration of chromatin structure and identification of specific interactive motifs within the receptors themselves. This review will provide a framework for the current concepts in the field of steroid hormone action as exemplified by our studies on progesterone receptor in female sexual behavior.

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Female-enriched and thermosensitive expression of steroidogenic factor-1 during gonadal differentiation in Pleurodeles waltl S Kuntz, D Chardard, C-I Ko, H Dumond, M Ducatez, M Callier, S Flament and A Chesnel EA 3442: Aspects

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Mellodee M White, Irene Sheffer, Jennifer Teeter, and Ede Marie Apostolakis

the functional role of hypothalamic PR isoforms in female reproduction. Materials and methods Animals and treatments The genotyping protocol and general characteristics of PR isoform-specific knockout (KO)- and