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Riccarda Granata, Marco Volante, Fabio Settanni, Carlotta Gauna, Corrado Ghé, Marta Annunziata, Barbara Deidda, Iacopo Gesmundo, Thierry Abribat, Aart-Jan van der Lely, Giampiero Muccioli, Ezio Ghigo, and Mauro Papotti

ET Gormsen LC Jessen N Lund S Hansen TK Moller N Jorgensen JO 2008 Ghrelin infusion in humans induces acute insulin resistance and lipolysis independent of growth hormone signaling . Diabetes 57 3205 – 3210 . Volante M Rosas R

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Rhonda D Kineman, Manuel D Gahete, and Raul M Luque

. Muccioli G , Pons N, Ghe C, Catapano F, Granata R & Ghigo E 2004 Ghrelin and des-acyl ghrelin both inhibit isoproterenol-induced lipolysis in rat adipocytes via a non-type 1a growth hormone secretagogue receptor. European Journal of Pharmacology 498

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Gabriela Silva Monteiro de Paula, Marianna Wilieman, Karina Ribeiro Silva, Leandra Santos Baptista, Sihem Boudina, Luana Lopes de Souza, Thais Bento-Bernardes, Karina Dutra Asensi, Regina Coeli dos Santos Goldenberg, and Carmen Cabanelas Pazos-Moura

. Regardless of the mechanism, the modulation of NB receptor activity may represent a promising target for limiting the gain weight associated with cell hyperplasia that occurs in the genesis of obesity, but not to induce loss of adiposity through lipolysis

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Penny Ahlstrom, Esther Rai, Suharto Chakma, Hee Ho Cho, Palanivel Rengasamy, and Gary Sweeney

Yan W Xia Y Chen X Wang W Zhang J Gao C Peng C Yan F 2016 Branched chain amino acids cause liver injury in obese/diabetic mice by promoting adipocyte lipolysis and inhibiting hepatic autophagy . EBioMedicine 13 157 – 167 . ( doi

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M J Watt, R J Southgate, A G Holmes, and M A Febbraio

attenuated, suggesting that mechanisms other than FFA are important for their gene expression. Despite total suppression of lipolysis, NA ingestion at rest increased the mRNA content of PGC1α and PPARα/δ, which was associated with elevated plasma epinephrine

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Anke Gutgesell, Robert Ringseis, Eileen Schmidt, Corinna Brandsch, Gabriele I Stangl, and Klaus Eder

the mammary gland due to the enhanced expression of Lpl ( Farid et al . 1978 , Grigor et al . 1982 ). Simultaneously, the uptake of NEFA derived mainly from lipolysis in white adipose tissue by fatty acid transporters into the mammary gland as

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Feng Wang, Xianfeng Zhang, Jiqiu Wang, Maopei Chen, Nengguang Fan, Qinyun Ma, Ruixin Liu, Rui Wang, Xiaoying Li, Mingyao Liu, and Guang Ning

.04.026 ). Schlierf G Dorow E 1973 Diurnal patterns of triglycerides, free fatty acids, blood sugar, and insulin during carbohydrate-induction in man and their modification by nocturnal suppression of lipolysis . Journal of Clinical Investigation 52 732

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Viral Chikani and Ken K Y Ho

availability of metabolic fuels and its capacity to synthesise ATP. The energy synthesis from substrate utilisation in exercising muscle is regulated by nutritional, genetic and hormonal factors as well as physical training. GH stimulates lipolysis during

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Hyon-Seung Yi, Joon Young Chang, and Minho Shong

-sucrose diet-fed mice by sirtuin-mediated UPR mt , triggering an adaptive mitohormesis in the liver of mice ( Gariani et al . 2016 ). The UPR mt induced by skeletal muscle-specific OxPhos deficiency is also associated with enhanced lipolysis and fatty acid

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Yanxia Tang and GuoDong Li

increased plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) resulting from lack of appropriate suppression of adipocyte lipolysis due to insulin resistance and deficiency ( Reaven 1988 , Imrie et al . 2010 ). Furthermore, circulating levels of FFAs are usually