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Diana Vargas, Noriaki Shimokawa, Ryosuke Kaneko, Wendy Rosales, Adriana Parra, Ángela Castellanos, Noriyuki Koibuchi and Fernando Lizcano

adipogenesis and lipolysis in the mouse upon selective ablation of the retinoid X receptor α mediated by a tamoxifen-inducible chimeric Cre recombinase (Cre-ERT2) in adipocytes . PNAS 98 224 – 228 . ( doi:10.1073/pnas.011528898 ). Khidr L Chen PL

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Riccarda Granata, Marco Volante, Fabio Settanni, Carlotta Gauna, Corrado Ghé, Marta Annunziata, Barbara Deidda, Iacopo Gesmundo, Thierry Abribat, Aart-Jan van der Lely, Giampiero Muccioli, Ezio Ghigo and Mauro Papotti

ET Gormsen LC Jessen N Lund S Hansen TK Moller N Jorgensen JO 2008 Ghrelin infusion in humans induces acute insulin resistance and lipolysis independent of growth hormone signaling . Diabetes 57 3205 – 3210 . Volante M Rosas R

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Gabriela Silva Monteiro de Paula, Marianna Wilieman, Karina Ribeiro Silva, Leandra Santos Baptista, Sihem Boudina, Luana Lopes de Souza, Thais Bento-Bernardes, Karina Dutra Asensi, Regina Coeli dos Santos Goldenberg and Carmen Cabanelas Pazos-Moura

. Regardless of the mechanism, the modulation of NB receptor activity may represent a promising target for limiting the gain weight associated with cell hyperplasia that occurs in the genesis of obesity, but not to induce loss of adiposity through lipolysis

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Elin Swedenborg, Joëlle Rüegg, Sari Mäkelä and Ingemar Pongratz

increased lipolysis and decreased glucose oxidation, both symptoms characteristic of diabetes and obesity ( Hoppe & Carey 2007 ). Yet another example is bisphenol A (BPA), a monomer with strong estrogenic properties, used in its polymeric form as lining of

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Ke-feng Yang, Wei Cai, Jia-li Xu and Wen Shi

pathway and diabetes mellitus . Diabetologia 51 1771 – 1780 . doi:10.1007/s00125-008-1084-y . Kim CH Kim MS Youn JY Park HS Song HS Song KH Park JY Lee KU 2003 Lipolysis in skeletal muscle is decreased in high-fat-fed rats

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Penny Ahlstrom, Esther Rai, Suharto Chakma, Hee Ho Cho, Palanivel Rengasamy and Gary Sweeney

Yan W Xia Y Chen X Wang W Zhang J Gao C Peng C Yan F 2016 Branched chain amino acids cause liver injury in obese/diabetic mice by promoting adipocyte lipolysis and inhibiting hepatic autophagy . EBioMedicine 13 157 – 167 . ( doi

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Anke Gutgesell, Robert Ringseis, Eileen Schmidt, Corinna Brandsch, Gabriele I Stangl and Klaus Eder

the mammary gland due to the enhanced expression of Lpl ( Farid et al . 1978 , Grigor et al . 1982 ). Simultaneously, the uptake of NEFA derived mainly from lipolysis in white adipose tissue by fatty acid transporters into the mammary gland as

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Hyon-Seung Yi, Joon Young Chang and Minho Shong

-sucrose diet-fed mice by sirtuin-mediated UPR mt , triggering an adaptive mitohormesis in the liver of mice ( Gariani et al . 2016 ). The UPR mt induced by skeletal muscle-specific OxPhos deficiency is also associated with enhanced lipolysis and fatty acid

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Viral Chikani and Ken K Y Ho

availability of metabolic fuels and its capacity to synthesise ATP. The energy synthesis from substrate utilisation in exercising muscle is regulated by nutritional, genetic and hormonal factors as well as physical training. GH stimulates lipolysis during

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Yanjun Liu, Yuichi Nakagawa, Ying Wang, Limei Liu, Hongwei Du, Wei Wang, Xiuhai Ren, Kabirullah Lutfy and Theodore C Friedman

adipose tissue and decreases lipolysis . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 92 857 – 864 . Walker BR Connacher AA Lindsay RM Webb DJ Edwards CR 1995 Carbenoxolone increases hepatic insulin sensitivity in man: a novel role for 11