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Michelle Colomiere, Michael Permezel and Martha Lappas

gestational diabetes . American Journal of Physiology 264 E60 – E67 . Catalano PM Huston L Amini SB Kalhan SC 1999 Longitudinal changes in glucose metabolism during pregnancy in obese women with normal glucose tolerance and gestational

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Jiung-Pang Huang, Sheng-Chieh Hsu, Yaa-Jyuhn James Meir, Po-Shiuan Hsieh, Chih-Chun Chang, Kuan-Hsing Chen, Jan-Kan Chen and Li-Man Hung

, ABCA1 expression induced by high levels of cholesterol may be involved in the pathogenesis of dysfunctional adipose tissue. The induction of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, hyperlipidemia and hypertension by dietary

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Ana Luísa Neves, João Coelho, Luciana Couto, Adelino Leite-Moreira and Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque Jr

prebiotics, Bifidobacterium spp. is positively correlated with an improved glucose tolerance, glucose-induced insulin secretion, and normalized inflammatory tone, decreasing endotoxemia, plasma, and adipose tissue proinflammatory cytokines Prebiotic

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Carrie Y Y Cheng, Jessica Y S Chu and Billy K C Chow

study, secretin infusion was found to augment immunoreactive insulin in the blood and improve glucose tolerance ( Dupre et al . 1975 ). Similar results have also been reported in a transgenic mice study in which a higher blood glucose level was observed

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Neil W Salter, Sudharsana R Ande, Hoa K Nguyen, B L Grégoire Nyomba and Suresh Mishra

for multiple comparisons. P values <0.05 were considered significantly different. Results Reduced insulin secretion from pancreatic islets isolated from TG2-null ( TG2 −/− ) mice TG2 −/− mice have impaired glucose tolerance as a result of reduced

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David R Clemmons

insulin ( van der Kaay et al. 2009 ). IGFBP1 predicted the fasting insulin and the insulin area under the glucose tolerance test curve in obese adolescents and phosphorylated IGFBP1 predicted the degree of liver fat content ( Petäjä et al. 2016

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ChengCheng Lin, Bei Shao, YuLei Zhou, XiaoTing Niu and YuanShao Lin

offspring, such as the metabolic syndrome, hypertension and cardiovascular dysfunction ( Khan et al . 2004 , Alfaradhi & Ozanne 2011 ). Nevertheless, other studies have also reported that adult offspring of HFD-fed dams can have normal glucose tolerance

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Jie Sun, Yan Liu, Jinhui Yu, Jin Wu, Wenting Gao, Liyuan Ran, Rujiao Jiang, Meihua Guo, Dongyu Han, Bo Liu, Ning Wang, Youwei Li, He Huang, Li Zeng, Ying Gao, Xin Li and Yingjie Wu

Pharmaceutical Co., Jiangsu, China. Glucose tolerance tests Glucose tolerance test (GTT) was performed after 8 weeks on the diets and again after 10 weeks of gavage. Following an overnight fasting for about 16 h, the mice were subjected to intraperitoneal

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Jianling Xie, Norhan M El Sayed, Cheng Qi, Xuechan Zhao, Claire E Moore and Terence P Herbert

regulation of β-cell growth, as β-cell-specific S6K1 knockout mice have comparatively smaller β-cells compared with WT mice, which coincides with hypoinsulinemia and impaired glucose tolerance ( Pende et al . 2000 , Ruvinsky et al . 2005 ). Our aim was to

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Sachie Nakamichi, Yoko Senga, Hiroshi Inoue, Aki Emi, Yasushi Matsuki, Eijiro Watanabe, Ryuji Hiramatsu, Wataru Ogawa and Masato Kasuga

injection unless indicated otherwise. For a glucose tolerance test (GTT), mice deprived of food for 16 h were loaded intraperitoneally with glucose (2 g/kg). Blood glucose and plasma insulin concentrations were measured as described ( Miyake et al . 2002