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Carrie Y Y Cheng, Jessica Y S Chu and Billy K C Chow

study, secretin infusion was found to augment immunoreactive insulin in the blood and improve glucose tolerance ( Dupre et al . 1975 ). Similar results have also been reported in a transgenic mice study in which a higher blood glucose level was observed

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Gemma Tan, Andrew G Elefanty and Edouard G Stanley

Wolters GH Van Schilfgaarde R 1991 Glucose tolerance and plasma insulin response to intravenous glucose infusion and test meal in rats with microencapsulated islet allografts . Diabetologia 34 542 – 547 . ( doi:10.1007/BF00400270

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Jiung-Pang Huang, Sheng-Chieh Hsu, Yaa-Jyuhn James Meir, Po-Shiuan Hsieh, Chih-Chun Chang, Kuan-Hsing Chen, Jan-Kan Chen and Li-Man Hung

, ABCA1 expression induced by high levels of cholesterol may be involved in the pathogenesis of dysfunctional adipose tissue. The induction of impaired glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, hyperlipidemia and hypertension by dietary

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Yanjun Liu, Yuichi Nakagawa, Ying Wang, Limei Liu, Hongwei Du, Wei Wang, Xiuhai Ren, Kabirullah Lutfy and Theodore C Friedman

.001 versus lean vehicle. † P <0.01 versus DIO vehicle. ‡ P <0.005 versus lean vehicle. 11β-HSD1 inhibitor CBX improved the glucose homeostasis and insulin tolerance in DIO mice Glucose tolerance test revealed that treatment of DIO mice with CBX decreased

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Knut R Steffensen, Soek Ying Neo, Thomas M Stulnig, Vinsensius B Vega, Safia S Rahman, Gertrud U Schuster, Jan-Åke Gustafsson and Edison T Liu

liver, induction of GLUT4 and improved glucose tolerance by activation of LXR have also been reported ( Dalen et al. 2003 , Laffitte et al. 2003 ). Another study showed reduced blood glucose levels in diabetic rodents, increased insulin sensitivity

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David R Clemmons

insulin ( van der Kaay et al. 2009 ). IGFBP1 predicted the fasting insulin and the insulin area under the glucose tolerance test curve in obese adolescents and phosphorylated IGFBP1 predicted the degree of liver fat content ( Petäjä et al. 2016

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Jianling Xie, Norhan M El Sayed, Cheng Qi, Xuechan Zhao, Claire E Moore and Terence P Herbert

regulation of β-cell growth, as β-cell-specific S6K1 knockout mice have comparatively smaller β-cells compared with WT mice, which coincides with hypoinsulinemia and impaired glucose tolerance ( Pende et al . 2000 , Ruvinsky et al . 2005 ). Our aim was to

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ChengCheng Lin, Bei Shao, YuLei Zhou, XiaoTing Niu and YuanShao Lin

offspring, such as the metabolic syndrome, hypertension and cardiovascular dysfunction ( Khan et al . 2004 , Alfaradhi & Ozanne 2011 ). Nevertheless, other studies have also reported that adult offspring of HFD-fed dams can have normal glucose tolerance

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Ana Luísa Neves, João Coelho, Luciana Couto, Adelino Leite-Moreira and Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque Jr

prebiotics, Bifidobacterium spp. is positively correlated with an improved glucose tolerance, glucose-induced insulin secretion, and normalized inflammatory tone, decreasing endotoxemia, plasma, and adipose tissue proinflammatory cytokines Prebiotic

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Z López-Ibarra, J Modrego, M Valero-Muñoz, P Rodríguez-Sierra, J J Zamorano-León, A González-Cantalapiedra, N de las Heras, S Ballesteros, V Lahera and A J López-Farré

. ( doi:10.1136/jmg.31.11.875 ). Bukowiecki LJ 1989 Energy balance and diabetes: the effects of cold exposure, exercise training, and diet composition on glucose tolerance and glucose metabolism in rat peripheral tissues . Canadian Journal of