MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in a variety of physiological processes, however, the function of miRNAs in insulin secretion and type 2 diabetes is still unclear. Stxbp1 plays an essential role in exocytosis, and is crucial for insulin secretion. In this study, we focused on the molecular mechanism of Stxbp1 in insulin secretion by identifying its upstream regulators: miR-218 and miR-322. The expression of Stxbp1 was significantly increased in isolated mouse islets exposed to high levels of glucose within 1 h; while two of its predicted upstream miRNAs were found to be downregulated. Further study found that miR-218 and miR-322 directly interact with Stxbp1 by targeting the 3′UTR of its mRNA. MIN6 cells overexpressing the two miRNAs showed a sharp decline in insulin secretion and a decreased sensitivity to glucose; while the inhibition of the two miRNAs promoted insulin secretion. However, islets treated with prolonged high levels of glucose, which is known as glucolipotoxicity, displayed relatively high expression of miR-218 and miR-322, and a reduced level of expression of Stxbp1 accompanied by the blocking of insulin secretion. In summary, this study identified a pathway consisting of miR-218/322 and Stxbp1 in insulin secretion, contributing to a network of β-cell function involving miRNA.
You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for
- Author: Yong Guo x
- Refine by Access: All content x
Hongmei Lang, Zhihua Ai, Zhiqing You, Yong Wan, Wei Guo, Jie Xiao, and Xiaolan Jin
Longfei Xiao, Zihui Wang, Ning Lu, Yanan He, Limin Qiao, Xihui Sheng, Xiaolong Qi, Kai Xing, Yong Guo, Di Chang, Xiangguo Wang, Junjin Zhao, Xiaobin Deng, Hemin Ni, and Jian Kang
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role in angiogenesis in ovaries, particularly during follicular development and ovulation. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is one of the major pro-inflammatory factors that are involved in the angiogenesis process physiologically and pathologically. Previous studies have shown that 17β-estradiol (E2) stimulates VEGF expression by upregulating hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α) in many cell types, and the high level of E2 causes an inflammatory-like microenvironment before ovulation. However, whether IL-6 signaling is involved in E2-regulating VEGF expression in swine granulosa cells (GCs) is still unknown. In this study, we found the estrogen membrane receptor, G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor 1 (GPER), was expressed in swine GCs, and the expression level of GPER, HIF-1α, and VEGF increased with follicular development. In vitro study showed that E2, ICI182780, and GPER agonist (G1) promoted the expressions of HIF-1α and VEGF in swine GCs, while GPER antagonist (G15) inhibited the stimulating effect of E2 and G1. Meanwhile, G15 inhibited the stimulating effect of E2 and G1 on IL-6 mRNA expression and secretion. Furthermore, IL-6 antibody and AG490 (JAK2/STAT3 inhibitor) attenuated G1-induced HIF-1α and VEGF expression. In conclusion, this study revealed how estrogen-induced HIF-1α and VEGF expressions in swine GCs are mediated through GPER-derived IL-6 secretion leading to JAK2/STAT3 activation.