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J B Lorens, R Aasland, H Brunstad, H Bergh, and R Male

ABSTRACT

We have cloned two 1·6 kb cDNAs encoding variants of the POU-type pituitary-specific transcription factor Pit-1 from Atlantic salmon. Sequence comparison with mammalian Pit-1 revealed that the POU domain was highly similar while flanking regions were less conserved. The N-terminal region contained three insertions relative to mammalian Pit-1, one of these corresponded to the insertion found in the alternatively spliced Pit-1a isoform. While two different salmon Pit-1 transcripts were expressed, alternative splicing in the 5′-region did not appear to contribute to further transcript diversity. Both salmon Pit-1 cDNAs encoded 39·5 kDa proteins that specifically bind a consensus Pit-1 recognition sequence in vitro. The salmon Pit-1 proteins also recognized the classical octamer motif; however, a point mutation in the POU homeodomain abolished this interaction.

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J B Lorens, A H Nerland, R Aasland, I Lossius, and R Male

ABSTRACT

Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) possess two genes encoding GH. We have investigated the expression of these two genes in the salmon pituitary. The transcriptional start site was localized 64 nucleotides upstream of the first methionyl codon using primer extension and 5′ specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. Northern analysis revealed a major Atlantic salmon GH (salGH) transcript band of approximately 1400 nucleotides. As coexpression of the salGH genes is not discernible by transcript length, other techniques were used to assess gene activity; RNase protection analysis revealed GH transcript heterogeneity, while reverse transcription-PCR assays detected transcripts from both genes at approximately equivalent amounts. The encoded salGH protein, generated in vitro and by Escherichia coli, shares electrophoretic and immunoreactive identity with native pituitary salGH.