The classical concept of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is that of a blood-borne cascade, whose final and bioactive product, angiotensin II, plays an important endocrine role in the maintenance of blood pressure and electrolyte as well as fluid balance. In addition to this circulating RAS, there are an increasing number of studies to suggest the existence of a local angiotensin-generating system in several tissues. The so-called tissue RAS can act locally as a paracrine and/or autocrine factor in meeting specific needs for individual tissues and it can operate, in whole or in part, independently of the circulating counterpart. Recent studies on the expression and localization of key RAS components, particularly angiotensinogen and renin, have provided solid evidence for the existence of an intrinsic, angiotensin-generating system in the pancreas. The tissue RAS has a potential role in finely regulating exocrine and endocrine functions of the pancreas such as ductal anion secretion and islet hormonal secretion. Some of these effects may be exerted via the markedly vasoconstrictive effects of RAS. Of particular interest in this context are the recent epidemiological data showing that administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors appears to be protective against the development of diabetes in hypertensive patients. Moreover, the upregulation of pancreatic RAS has been shown to occur during chronic hypoxia. The significance of changes in pancreatic RAS could have a potential role in acute pancreatitis, islet transplantation and in different shock states, by causing a further decrease of blood perfusion in the pancreas.
You are looking at 1 - 1 of 1 items for
- Author: PO Carlsson x
- Refine by Access: All content x