A GH cDNA was specifically amplified from cDNAs constructed from total RNA of bullfrog (Rana catesbeiana) adenohypophyses employing the DNA polymerase chain reaction. Sequencing analysis revealed that the cDNA clone thus obtained was 654 bp in length, and included an open reading frame encoding the entire sequence of mature GH, with its signal peptide. Slight discrepancies were noted between the deduced amino acid sequence and that determined by direct protein sequencing of purified bullfrog GH or that deduced from the nucleotide sequence reported previously. The length of the bullfrog GH mRNA was estimated to be about 1·2 kb by Northern blot analysis. Homologies of nucleotide and amino acid sequences between GH and prolactin of bullfrog origin were 48% and 26% respectively. Using the cDNA as a probe, the content of GH mRNA in the pituitary of larval and adult bullfrogs was measured. GH mRNA levels were relatively low at the preclimax stage, and rose markedly during climax. In juvenile frogs, GH mRNA levels in the pituitary were extremely high and declined towards adulthood. This finding suggests that the increase in plasma and pituitary GH levels reported previously accompanies the increase in GH synthesis.