Extra-adrenal de novo aldosterone (Aldo) production has been described inconsistently. Systematic data based upon state-of-the-art technology including validated controls are sparse. We hypothesized that aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) expression and de novo Aldo production are absent in nonadrenal human cell lines, either immortalized cell lines or commercially available primary cell lines, including peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of individuals without and with primary hyperaldosteronism (PA). CYP11B2-transfected COS-7 and endogenous CYP11B2 expressing adrenal H295R cells served as positive controls. Various well-characterized, purchased, immortalized (BeWo, HEK293, HTR-8/SVneo, JEG-3) and primary (HAEC, HLEC, HRGEC, HRMC, HUAEC, HUVEC, PBMC) cell lines as well as self-isolated PBMCs from PA patients (n = 5) were incubated with the steroid hormone substrates progesterone, deoxycorticosterone, corticosterone or 18-OH-corticosterone with and without Ang II for 24 h to assess CYP11B2 enzymatic activity. CYP11B2 expression was analyzed by real-time PCR and liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry was used to quantify Aldo production. Pronounced CYP11B2 mRNA expression and Aldo production were observed in both positive controls, which followed an incremental time course. Neither substrates alone nor coincubation with Ang II significantly stimulated CYP11B2 expression or Aldo production in various immortalized and primary cell lines and PBMCs of PA patients. These results strongly support the absence of relevant de novo extra-adrenal Aldo production in nonadrenal cells, including blood mononuclear cells, irrespective of the absence or presence of autonomous adrenal Aldo production.