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S Marsigliante, A Muscella, S Vilella, G Nicolardi, L Ingrosso, V Ciardo, V Zonno, G P Vinson, M M Ho, and C Storelli


Using labelled ligand-binding methods, previous studies have identified specific angiotensin II receptors (Ang II-Rs) in eel liver, kidney and intestine membranes. Isoelectric focusing on polyacrylamide gels also showed that there are two Ang II-R isoforms in eel liver, focusing at isoelectric points (pI) 6·5 and 6·7. These may have different functions. In contrast, eel enterocyte plasma membrane and renal brush border membranes contain only the pI 6·5 form.

To characterize the eel receptors more fully, a newly developed monoclonal antibody (6313/G2) which selectively recognizes the AT1 subtype of mammalian Ang II-R was used. In ligand-binding experiments, the preincubation of eel liver membranes with 6313/G2 antibody eliminated the specific [3,5-3H]Tyr4-Ile5-Ang II binding. Moreover, Ang II—receptor complexes from solubilized liver membranes, which were immunoprecipitated by 6313/G2-coated beads, had a pI of 6·5. In immunoblotting experiments, the antibody recognized the isoform focusing at pI 6·5 in eel intestine and liver preparations, but not the liver pI 6·7 isoform. Immunoblotting of SDS gels showed that the antibody bound to a single protein of molecular mass of 75 kDa in eel liver, gill and kidney and to a doublet of molecular mass of about 74 and 75 kDa in intestinal membrane preparations. Immunocytochemistry of paraffin-embedded and cryostat sections of eel liver, kidney, intestine and gill showed that antibody 6313/G2 bound to uniformly distributed intracellular sites and cell surface membranes in proximal tubular cells, absorptive intestinal cells, hepatocytes and chloride cells. It also stained endothelium and both the longitudinal and circular layers of smooth muscle cells in the intestine.

The data suggest that the previously described Ang II-R from eel liver, kidney and intestine may be similar to the mammalian AT1 subtype.

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S Vilella, V Zonno, S Marsigliante, L Ingrosso, A Muscella, M M Ho, G P Vinson, and C Storelli


The pH-sensitive fluorescent dye, 2′,7′-bis-carboxy-ethyl-5,6-carboxyfluorescein acetoxymethyl ester, was used to examine the effects of fish or human angiotensin II (Ang II) on the activity of the basolateral located Na+/H+ antiporter in eel intestinal cell suspensions. Exposure of eel enterocytes to either hormone led to an increased activity of the antiporter. This time- and dose-dependent stimulatory effect was inhibited by the specific antiporter inhibitor dimethylamiloride (DMA).

Preincubation with a monoclonal antibody (6313/G2), directed against the N-terminal extracellular domain of the mammalian AT1 Ang II receptor, prevented the stimulatory effect of the hormone and inhibited the binding of [3,5-3H]Tyr4-Ile5-Ang II to intestinal cell suspensions, suggesting specific binding of the antibody to the eel Ang II receptor. The results indicate that both fish and human Ang II stimulate the DMA-sensitive Na+/H+ antiporter present in eel intestinal cells by means of a mammalian AT1-like receptor.