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M Nakamura, T Hashimoto, J-i Furuyama, and K Kakudo


Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP) is thought to be responsible for hypercalcemia in some patients with malignant tumors. The PTHrP gene has seven exons, giving rise to three types of PTHrP isoform through alternative splicing. We studied the expression of mRNAs in 14 human cell lines using the reverse transcription-PCR method, to examine tissue-specific expression. All the cell lines expressed at least two types of PTHrP transcript. Most cell lines expressed all four types of PTHrP mRNA isoform. However, a rhabdomyosarcoma cell line, RD, and a bladder carcinoma cell line, T24, expressed only two types. These results may suggest that PTHrP mRNA is expressed in the majority of tumor and normal tissues and that it shows less tissue- or tumor-specificity.

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M Nakamura, S Morimoto, Q Yang, T Hisamatsu, N Hanai, Y Nakamura, I Mori, and K Kakudo

Receptor activity modifying proteins (RAMPs) act as receptor modulators that determine the ligand specificity of receptors for the calcitonin (CT) family. The purpose of this study was to analyze the expression of RAMPs in osteoclast-like cells using the laser capture microdissection (LCM) technique. Mouse bone marrow and spleen cells were co-cultured on a film designed for LCM. After 10 days, 250 osteoclast-like cells were captured using the LCM system. Total RNA from these cells was used to synthesize cDNA and RT-PCR analysis was performed. Osteoclast-like cells expressed CT receptor (CTR), CT receptor-like receptor (CRLR) and RAMP2, but did not express RAMP1 or RAMP3. These results indicated (1) that a pure population of osteoclast-like cells can be prepared by LCM and gene expression of this population can be analyzed by RT-PCR and (2) that RT-PCR shows that osteoclast-like cells express RAMP2, CTR and CRLR, suggesting the potential for adrenomedullin binding to osteoclast-like cells. This is the first report that osteoclast-like cells express RAMP2.