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S S Donkin, A D McNall, B S Swencki, J L Peters, and T D Etherton


The present study was conducted to determine the chronic effects of porcine growth hormone administration on fatty acid synthase (FAS) mRNA abundance and gene transcription in growing rats. Growth hormone treatment increased growth rate approximately 27% (P<0·01). Porcine growth hormone decreased FAS mRNA levels by 55%. The reduction in FAS mRNA was due to a marked decrease in transcription of the FAS gene (decreased by 80%). In contrast, porcine growth hormone did not affect mRNA abundance or transcription rate of another insulin-regulated gene, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase. In summary, our results have established that chronic treatment with growth hormone decreases FAS mRNA by decreasing the transcription rate of the gene. Furthermore, they suggest that the effects of growth hormone are specific and are not mediated by general changes in insulin-responsive gene expression in liver.

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M Delhase, P Vergani, A Malur, B Velkeniers, E Teugels, J Trouillas, and E L Hooghe-Peters


Adenomas can develop from each cell type of the anterior pituitary. In the normal pituitary, three of these cell types, the GH-, prolactin- and TSH-secreting cells, express the transcription factor Pit-1/GHF-1 which is responsible for prolactin and GH (and probably TSH) cell commitment, differentiation, probably proliferation and gene expression. We have analysed the expression of Pit-1/GHF-1 in a panel of human pituitary adenomas. All GH-, prolactin- and TSH-expressing adenomas studied expressed the Pit-1/GHF-1 factor, as demonstrated by in-situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry. The expression was higher in adenomas than in normal human pituitary. In contrast, ACTH- and LH—FSH-secreting and non-secreting adenomas were negative. Seven transplants of the spontaneous rat prolactinoma SMtTW were also investigated and all were found to be positive.

This further stresses the analogy between these tumours and human prolactinomas. Taken together, the data confirm that Pit-1/GHF-1 expression is restricted to GH-, prolactin- and TSH-expressing cells, and the increased expression in adenomas is compatible with a role of Pit-1/GHF-1 in cell proliferation.

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M Delhase, F Rajas, P Verdood, C Remy, P Chevallier, B Velkeniers, J Trouillas, and E L Hooghe-Peters


We have combined different techniques to analyse passages of five different rat spontaneous pituitary tumours (SMtTW) that were transplanted under the kidney capsule. These tumours were secreting prolactin (PRL), GH or both hormones. RIA, immunocytochemistry (ICC) and Western blot analysis were applied to characterize the hormone(s) stored (ICC and Western blot) and secreted (RIA). mRNA content was analysed by PCR, Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization.

The data point not only to the reliability of the techniques used at both protein and RNA levels for each tumour studied but also to the complementarity of some techniques. For example, whereas Northern blot analysis demonstrates the presence and size of hormone mRNA, in situ hybridization indicates the percentage of cells expressing a given hormone mRNA and allows the presence of one population (or more) of cells in a given tumour to be identified.

Moreover, the tumours were compared with normal rat pituitary. Although the PRL and GH mRNAs were identical in size, the amount of mRNA was lower in the tumours. At the protein level, the PRL and GH variants exhibited a different pattern of expression in tumours compared with the normal rat pituitary.

The biological significance of these differences is discussed.