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  • Author: F. M. Ng x
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F. M. Ng, N. A. Adamafio, and J. E. Graystone

ABSTRACT

The effects of two preparations of highly purified human GH (hGH) on lipid metabolism were studied in the GH-deficient little mouse (50–60 days old). Marked decreases in incorporation of [14C]glucose into fatty acid and in the activity of acetyl-CoA carboxylase in the epididymal fat pads were observed after i.p. injection of hGH at a dose of 1·0μg/g body weight or after continuous infusion of hGH by osmotic minipump. The rate of glucose incorporation into fatty acid decreased from 107·0 ± 27·6 (s.e.m.) to 38·1 ± 19·6 μmol/g tissue per h after a single injection of hGH and from 174·1±28·5 to 56·3±20·3 μmol/g tissue per h after continuous infusion of hGH for 2 days. Activity of the lipogenic enzyme acetyl-CoA carboxylase was also reduced by more than 50% in the epididymal fat pad from hGH-treated mice in comparison with the corresponding control animals. Incubation of isolated fat pads with hGH (0·1 μg/ml) revealed similar inhibitory effects of the hormone on fatty acid synthesis and acetyl-CoA carboxylase activity. No lipolytic effect of hGH was found as determined by the rate of glycerol release from epididymal fat pads of little mice following hormone treatment in vivo or in vitro. The results lend strong support to the conclusion that GH inhibits lipogenesis but has no effect on lipolysis in adipose tissues, and indicate that the physiological role of GH in lipid metabolism is concerned mainly with the regulation of anabolic rather than catabolic processes.

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D M Thomas, S D Rogers, M W Sleeman, G M Pasquini, F R Bringhurst, K W Ng, J D Zajac, and J D Best

ABSTRACT

This study characterizes the actions of insulin and parathyroid hormone (PTH) on the glucose transport system in the rat osteogenic sarcoma cell line UMR 106–01, which expresses a number of features of the osteoblast phenotype. Using [1,2-3H]2-deoxyglucose (2-DOG) as a label, UMR 106–01 cells were shown to possess a glucose transport system which was enhanced by insulin. In contrast, PTH influenced glucose transport in a biphasic manner with a stimulatory effect at 1 h and a more potent inhibitory effect at 16 h on basal and insulin-stimulated 2-DOG transport. To explore the mechanism of PTH action, a direct agonist of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) was tested. 8-Bromo-cAMP had no acute stimulatory effect but inhibited basal and insulin-stimulated 2-DOG transport at 16 h. This result suggested that the prolonged, but not the acute, effect of PTH was mediated by the generation of cAMP. Further studies with the cell line UMR 4–7, a UMR 106–01 clone stably transfected with an inducible mutant inactive regulatory subunit of PKA, confirmed that the inhibitory but not the stimulatory effect of PTH was mediated by the PKA pathway. Northern blot data indicated that the prolonged inhibitory effects of PTH and 8-bromo-cAMP on glucose transport were likely to be mediated in part by reduction in the levels of GLUT1 (HepG2/brain glucose transporter) mRNA.