Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author: F Cuttitta x
  • Refine by Access: All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

GD Jahnke, MJ Miller, A Martinez, L Montuenga, and F Cuttitta

Adrenomedullin (AM) is a recently identified amidated peptide produced by a variety of tissue types. We have investigated the involvement of AM and its receptor (AM-R) in developing mouse mammary glands and have examined what influence ovarian hormones have on AM and AM-R expression in this system. Tissues from ductal morphogenesis, virgin adult, pregnancy, and lactation stages were assessed for AM and AM-R by molecular, biochemical and immunohistochemical techniques. Results from these studies indicated that messenger RNA for AM and AM-R and immunoreactivity for AM were expressed in the luminal epithelium of small and large ducts and in terminal end buds. Immunoreactive AM was identified as a cytoplasm component of ductal cells, with some cells also having nuclear staining. Western blot analysis of mammary gland tissues yielded two molecular mass species (M(r) 14,000 and 18,500) of AM immunoreactivity in the mammary gland for the above developmental stages, consistent with processed intermediate and prohormone forms respectively. Ovariectomy alone or followed by hormonal treatments did not alter the expression pattern for these two proteins. By Western blot, the fully processed AM form (M(r) 6000) was identified in milk extracts from lactating glands. These data suggest a potential role for AM and its receptor in the maintenance of mammary gland homeostasis and suggests a potential role for AM in development of the newborn.

Free access

A Martinez, DL Hodge, M Garayoa, HA Young, and F Cuttitta

The adrenomedullin (AM) gene codifies for two bioactive peptides, AM and proAM N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP). We have found two forms of the AM mRNA. Form A is devoid of introns and results in a prohormone containing both peptides. Form B retains the third intron, which introduces a premature stop codon, producing a shorter prohormone with only PAMP. Tissues with a higher B/A ratio were more immunoreactive for PAMP than for AM. The form B message was found in the cytoplasmic compartment, thus excluding that the longer message was a result of contaminating nuclear mRNA. Form B was found in cells that express PAMP but not AM. mRNA expression in a variety of cell lines was investigated by ribonuclease protection assay and form B was found in significant amounts in two of them. Treatments that modify AM expression, such as exposure to hypoxia, were shown to change the B/A ratio and the relative secretion of AM and PAMP, indicating that the splicing mechanism for AM can be modulated and is physiologically relevant. Analysis of the sequence of the third intron and the fourth exon of the AM gene found motifs compatible with a highly regulated alternative splicing mechanism.