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Magda A Meester-Smoor, Anco C Molijn, Yixian Zhao, Nicole A Groen, Cora A H Groffen, Merel Boogaard, Diny van Dalsum-Verbiest, Gerard C Grosveld, and Ellen C Zwarthoff

The IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) family consists of six proteins that are expressed and secreted in different tissues. The proteins are regulators of physiological processes throughout the body by modulating the activity of IGF-I and IGF-II. In this article, we describe the coordinated expression of IGFBP5 and MN1 in meningiomas. MN1 is a transcriptional co-activator and we show that MN1 stimulates the IGFBP5 promoter in Hep3B cells. A CACCC-containing sequence, located 140 bp upstream of the transcription start site of the promoter, is required for MN1 action. This sequence matches with the CACCCAC consensus sequence that was selected in an oligonucleotide selection assay performed for MN1. The CACCC element has also been shown to be important for induction of the IGFBP5 promoter by retinoic acid (RA) and progesterone (Pg). We were unable to confirm the effect of Pg on the promoter in Hep3B and U2-osteosarcoma cells regardless of the presence of MN1. On the other hand, we show that induction of the promoter by RA depends on co-expressed MN1 in Hep3B cells. MN1TEL, a leukemia-related fusion protein containing parts of the MN1 and TEL (ETV6) genes, is capable of stimulating the IGFBP5 promoter but is unable to cooperate with RA in Hep3B cells. This suggests that the effects of RA can be negatively affected in leukemias caused by MN1TEL.

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J W van Neck, A Flyvbjerg, A G P Schuller, R R Rosato, C Groffen, M van Kleffens, D Lindenbergh-Kortleve, I Dørup, and S L S Drop


Dietary potassium (K) depletion is known to reduce body weight gain and organ growth, except for kidney which increases in weight. This renal hypertrophy is preceded by increased renal IGF-I levels. In the present study, we investigated IGF-I and -II, type I IGF receptor and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) mRNA expression in liver and kidney of K-depleted and normal rats infused with vehicle or recombinant human IGF-I. Body weight gain was almost completely arrested in K-depleted rats without any stimulatory effect of IGF-I infusion. Both absolute and relative kidney weight (kidney weight/body weight) were significantly increased in K-depleted rats and this was further enhanced by IGF-I infusion. In contrast, relative liver weight was comparable in the different groups and unaffected by IGF-I infusion.

IGF-I mRNA expression was significantly lower in kidney and liver of K-depleted animals whereas type I IGF receptor levels were unchanged. In contrast, in kidney, K depletion increased IGFBP-1 and -2 mRNA expression with no additional effect of IGF-I infusion. In liver of K-depleted animals, IGFBP-1 mRNA expression was increased whereas increased IGFBP-1 and -2 mRNA expression was observed when these animals were infused with IGF-I. These observations may point towards a differential mode of action of the IGFBPs. In kidney increased IGFBP-1 and -2 mRNA expression may enhance IGF-I bioavailability with subsequent kidney growth. In liver, with clearly detectable type I IGF receptor mRNA expression, increased IGFBP levels may protect from IGF-I-induced organ growth by decreasing IGF-I bioavailability.