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KA al-Sakkaf, PR Dobson, and BL Brown

Our previous studies indicated that PI3-kinase is involved in prolactin (PRL) signalling. We have now examined the involvement of the src tyrosine kinase, fyn, in PRL-induced the activation of PI3-kinase in the rat lymphoma cell line, Nb2. Cells were stimulated with increasing doses of PRL, lysed and immunoprecipitated with anti-fyn specific antibody. Then PI3-kinase activity was measured as the increase in the phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol to phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate separated by TLC. Our data indicated that, in PRL treated cells, co-precipitation of PI3-kinase with anti-fyn antiserum led to time and dose-dependent activation of PI3-kinase in vitro and that this activation was blocked by the addition of LY294002. However, LY294002 appeared to have no effect on fyn autophosphorylation. Furthermore, the physical association of PI3-kinase with fyn was confirmed by Western blot analysis employing the same specific antisera. These data provide evidence that PRL-induced activation of PI3-kinase may be mediated by the tyrosine phosphorylation of fyn in Nb2 cells.

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P.R.M. Dobson, C.P. Plested, D.R. Jones, T. Barks, and B.L. Brown


The mechanism of action of the cytokine, interleukin-l (IL-1), has been investigated. Mouse thymoma (EL4 6.1) cells were preincubated with [3H]-glycerol and then incubated with recombinant IL-1β for varying periods. Interleukin-1 caused a rapid increase in diacylglycerol production (approx. 2 fold at 30 sees). This reproducible enhancement of diacylglycerol accumulation was abolished by pretreatment of the cells with pertussis toxin. Interestingly, a similar IL-1 induced increase in diacylglycerol was observed when the cells were preincubated with [3H]-myristic acid. These results appear to suggest a novel mode of action of interleukin-1 which involves a G-protein mediated breakdown of a membrane lipid resulting in the production of diacylglycerol. It is suggested that one possible candidate for this parent lipid may be a phosphatidylinositol glycan.