Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 2 of 2 items for

  • Author: A J Watson x
  • All content x
Clear All Modify Search
Restricted access

P H Watson, A J Watson, and A B Hodsman

ABSTRACT

The technique of reverse transcription-PCR for mRNA phenotyping was applied to total RNA isolated from the two compartments of cancellous bone, namely trabecular bone and hematopoitic tissue or marrow. The pattern of gene expression for ten different growth factor ligands and five growth factor receptors was examined in total RNA isolated from the two compartments of cancellous bone of the female rat distal femur. Our results show that transcripts encoding IGF-I, IGF-II, transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), TGF-α, basic fibroblast growth factor, platelet-derived growth factor A and osteocalcin are detectable in samples from both trabeculae and marrow. Expression of epidermal growth factor (EGF) was confined to samples from trabeculae while nerve growth factor expression was only detected in marrow. Transcripts encoding insulin were not detected in any of the bone-derived samples in this study. Samples from cancellous bone trabeculae and marrow both showed evidence of expression of the genes encoding receptors for IGF-I, parathyroid hormone (PTH)/PTH-related protein and insulin. Neither compartment of cancellous bone contained transcripts encoding the receptor for IGF-II. Transcripts encoding the EGF receptor were detected in samples from cancellous bone marrow and not trabeculae as has been previously reported. These patterns of growth factor ligand and receptor gene expression suggest that it is likely that both autocrine and paracrine regulatory circuits are established in cancellous bone. This study also demonstrated the feasibility of assessing the expression of multiple genes from the small samples of total RNA obtained from separated tissues of cancellous bone. This is the first time that growth factor gene expression has been examined in separated trabeculae and marrow from cancellous bone and this approach will allow a more detailed analysis of molecular events in cancellous bone as opposed to whole bone or extracts of isolated and cultured bone cells.

Restricted access

T E Spencer, N H Ing, T L Ott, J S Mayes, W C Becker, G H Watson, M A Mirando, and F W Bazer

ABSTRACT

This study determined the effects of intrauterine injections of recombinant ovine interferon-τ (roIFN-τ; 2 × 107 antiviral units/day) or control proteins (6 mg/day) from day 11 to day 14 post-oestrus (oestrus=day 0) on endometrial expression of receptors for oestrogen, progesterone and oxytocin in cyclic ewes. Plasma concentrations of progesterone were greater on day 15 in ewes receiving roIFN-τ compared with control proteins (P<0·02, treatment × day). Ewes injected with roIFN-τ had lower endometrial levels of oestrogen receptor mRNA (P<0·10) and protein (P<0·01) on day 15 compared with ewes receiving control proteins. In situ hybridization analysis indicated that oestrogen receptor mRNA was more abundant in the luminal and glandular epithelium of control ewes compared with roIFN-τ-treated ewes. Immunoreactive oestrogen receptor was also present in the luminal and glandular epithelium of control, but not roIFN-τ-treated ewes. Endometrial levels of progesterone receptor mRNA and protein were not different (P>0·10) between control and roIFN-τ-treated ewes. In situ hybridization analyses indicated that progesterone receptor mRNA abundance was low in endometrial epithelium and stroma of both control and roIFN-τ-injected ewes. Immunoreactive progesterone receptors were present in the endometrial stroma and epithelium of control ewes, but confined to the stroma of roIFN-τ-treated ewes. Oxytocin receptor density was lower (P<0·10) in the endometrium of ewes injected with roIFN-τ than control proteins; however, oxytocin receptor affinity was not affected (P>0·10) by treatment. Concentrations of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto-prostaglandin F (PGFM) were not increased by exogenous oxytocin administration in control and roIFN-τ-treated ewes on days 10 or 12 post-oestrus. However, on day 14, control ewes responded to oxytocin with increased plasma concentrations of PGFM, whereas ewes receiving roIFN-τ remained unresponsive to oxytocin. These results indicate that the antiluteolytic effects of IFN-τ are to prevent increases in endometrial oestrogen receptor mRNA and protein and oxytocin receptor density which abrogates uterine release of prostaglandin F during maternal recognition of pregnancy. IFN-τ may inhibit the synthesis of oestrogen receptor mRNA by a transcriptional or post-transcriptional regulatory mechanism to suppress oxytocin receptor formation during early pregnancy in ewes.