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Bo Zhou, Huixia Li, Jiali Liu, Lin Xu, Qinyue Guo, Hongzhi Sun, and Shufang Wu

476 – 491 . ( doi:10.1016/j.cell.2007.08.047 ). Stralfors P Honnor RC 1989 Insulin-induced dephosphorylation of hormone-sensitive lipase: correlation with lipolysis and cAMP-dependent protein kinase activity . European Journal of Biochemistry

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Carolina Gustavsson, Tomoyoshi Soga, Erik Wahlström, Mattias Vesterlund, Alireza Azimi, Gunnar Norstedt, and Petra Tollet-Egnell

. 2005 ) and antioxidant ( Louet et al . 2004 , Baba et al . 2005 , Borrás et al . 2005 ) properties. Oestrogens have also been shown to inhibit lipogenesis and stimulate lipolysis in abdominal visceral fat depots, to promote use of lipid as a fuel

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Edwin J W Geven, Folkert Verkaar, Gert Flik, and Peter H M Klaren

, Schreck 2000 ). Cortisol stimulates gluconeogenesis and lipolysis ( Sheridan 1988 , van der Boon et al. 1991 ), which result in increased plasma glucose and free fatty acid levels. These catabolic actions of cortisol reflect its glucocorticoid potency

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J H Duncan Bassett and Graham R Williams

hormone receptors . Bone 36 607 – 616 . Liu YY Schultz JJ Brent GA 2003 A thyroid hormone receptor alpha gene mutation (P398H) is associated with visceral adiposity and impaired catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis in mice . Journal of

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L J Moran, P A Mundra, H J Teede, and P J Meikle

metabolic effects including suppression of lipogenesis and enhancement of lipolysis ( Shirouchi et al . 2007 ). Elevated lysophosphatidylcholine may indicate an increase in phospholipase activity which is highly expressed in the atherogenic plaque and

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Elisa Manieri and Guadalupe Sabio

secretion of adipokines ( Gavrilova et al . 2000 ). In the obese state, adipocyte enlargement induces molecular and cellular alterations that affect whole-body metabolic homeostasis. Increased lipolysis in adipocytes leads to increased hyperlipidaemia and

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Pierre Poinsot, Martin Schwarzer, Noël Peretti, and François Leulier

actions or lipolysis ( Bergan-Roller & Sheridan 2017 ). Anabolic actions of GH in juvenile growth act by well-known mechanism associated with positive nitrogen balance, protein synthesis in muscle and stimulation of the longitudinal bone growth ( Chikani

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Eva Tudurí, Monica Imbernon, Rene Javier Hernández-Bautista, Marta Tojo, Johan Fernø, Carlos Diéguez, and Rubén Nogueiras

-Hyiaman et al . 2008 ). In addition, activation of CB1 increases lipogenesis and inflammation and reduces lipolysis, in the white adipose tissue (WAT) ( Silvestri & Di Marzo 2013 ). Furthermore, CB1 activation impairs insulin sensitivity, as evidenced by

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Rebecca Roy, Caitlyn Nguyen-Ngo, and Martha Lappas

force in term pregnant rat myometrium . Journal of Physiology 593 4603 – 4614 . ( https://doi.org/10.1113/JP270631 ) Heimann E Nyman M Degerman E 2015 Propionic acid and butyric acid inhibit lipolysis and de novo lipogenesis and increase

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Yanjun Liu, Yuichi Nakagawa, Ying Wang, Limei Liu, Hongwei Du, Wei Wang, Xiuhai Ren, Kabirullah Lutfy, and Theodore C Friedman

adipose tissue and decreases lipolysis . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 92 857 – 864 . Walker BR Connacher AA Lindsay RM Webb DJ Edwards CR 1995 Carbenoxolone increases hepatic insulin sensitivity in man: a novel role for 11