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M J Watt, R J Southgate, A G Holmes, and M A Febbraio

attenuated, suggesting that mechanisms other than FFA are important for their gene expression. Despite total suppression of lipolysis, NA ingestion at rest increased the mRNA content of PGC1α and PPARα/δ, which was associated with elevated plasma epinephrine

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D T Furuya, A C Poletto, H S Freitas, and U F Machado

the regulation of lipolysis and energy balance . Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 19 1 – 27 . doi:10.1096/fj.04-2370com . Kim JB Sarraf P Wright M Yao KM Mueller E Solanes G Lowell BB

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Diana Vargas, Noriaki Shimokawa, Ryosuke Kaneko, Wendy Rosales, Adriana Parra, Ángela Castellanos, Noriyuki Koibuchi, and Fernando Lizcano

adipogenesis and lipolysis in the mouse upon selective ablation of the retinoid X receptor α mediated by a tamoxifen-inducible chimeric Cre recombinase (Cre-ERT2) in adipocytes . PNAS 98 224 – 228 . ( doi:10.1073/pnas.011528898 ). Khidr L Chen PL

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R Serrano, M Villar, C Martínez, J M Carrascosa, N Gallardo, and A Andrés

lipolysis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 239 375 –385. Ruiz P , Pulido JA, Martinez C, Carrascosa JM, Satrustegui J & Andres A 1992 Effect of aging on the kinetic characteristics of the insulin receptor

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Feng Wang, Xianfeng Zhang, Jiqiu Wang, Maopei Chen, Nengguang Fan, Qinyun Ma, Ruixin Liu, Rui Wang, Xiaoying Li, Mingyao Liu, and Guang Ning

.04.026 ). Schlierf G Dorow E 1973 Diurnal patterns of triglycerides, free fatty acids, blood sugar, and insulin during carbohydrate-induction in man and their modification by nocturnal suppression of lipolysis . Journal of Clinical Investigation 52 732

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L Quignodon, C Legrand, N Allioli, A Guadaño-Ferraz, J Bernal, J Samarut, and F Flamant

receptor alpha gene mutation (P398H) is associated with visceral adiposity and impaired catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis in mice. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 38913 –38920. Livak JL & Schmittgen TD 2001 Analysis

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Gabriela Silva Monteiro de Paula, Marianna Wilieman, Karina Ribeiro Silva, Leandra Santos Baptista, Sihem Boudina, Luana Lopes de Souza, Thais Bento-Bernardes, Karina Dutra Asensi, Regina Coeli dos Santos Goldenberg, and Carmen Cabanelas Pazos-Moura

. Regardless of the mechanism, the modulation of NB receptor activity may represent a promising target for limiting the gain weight associated with cell hyperplasia that occurs in the genesis of obesity, but not to induce loss of adiposity through lipolysis

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Hyon-Seung Yi, Joon Young Chang, and Minho Shong

-sucrose diet-fed mice by sirtuin-mediated UPR mt , triggering an adaptive mitohormesis in the liver of mice ( Gariani et al . 2016 ). The UPR mt induced by skeletal muscle-specific OxPhos deficiency is also associated with enhanced lipolysis and fatty acid

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Viral Chikani and Ken K Y Ho

availability of metabolic fuels and its capacity to synthesise ATP. The energy synthesis from substrate utilisation in exercising muscle is regulated by nutritional, genetic and hormonal factors as well as physical training. GH stimulates lipolysis during

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Johan Svensson, Sofia Movérare-Skrtic, Sara Windahl, Charlotte Swanson, and Klara Sjögren

some or all of the lipolysis that is independent of hormone-sensitive lipase ( Soni et al . 2004 ), was up-regulated in muscle by E 2 , indicating increased utilization of free fatty acids as fuel. Synaptic transmission DHT up-regulated several genes