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Loes P M Duivenvoorde, Evert M van Schothorst, Annelies Bunschoten, and Jaap Keijer

 kDa lysophospholipase 12.8 2.70×10 −12 Lipolysis   Lpcat3 Lysophospholipid acyltransferase 5 2.7 2.10×10 −12 Lipolysis   Rdh11 * Retinol dehydrogenase 11 9.6 6.10×10 −13 Reduction of short-chain  aldehydes   Srebf2 Sterol regulatory element

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Louise K Metcalfe, Greg C Smith, and Nigel Turner

. 2003 , Coll et al . 2008 , Henique et al . 2010 , Capel et al . 2016 ). Indeed, the apparently futile, ATP-consuming cycle of FA re-esterification to TAGs during adipocyte lipolysis appears designed to protect cells from lipotoxic stress

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Feng Wang, Xianfeng Zhang, Jiqiu Wang, Maopei Chen, Nengguang Fan, Qinyun Ma, Ruixin Liu, Rui Wang, Xiaoying Li, Mingyao Liu, and Guang Ning

.04.026 ). Schlierf G Dorow E 1973 Diurnal patterns of triglycerides, free fatty acids, blood sugar, and insulin during carbohydrate-induction in man and their modification by nocturnal suppression of lipolysis . Journal of Clinical Investigation 52 732

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Anke Gutgesell, Robert Ringseis, Eileen Schmidt, Corinna Brandsch, Gabriele I Stangl, and Klaus Eder

the mammary gland due to the enhanced expression of Lpl ( Farid et al . 1978 , Grigor et al . 1982 ). Simultaneously, the uptake of NEFA derived mainly from lipolysis in white adipose tissue by fatty acid transporters into the mammary gland as

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Riccarda Granata, Marco Volante, Fabio Settanni, Carlotta Gauna, Corrado Ghé, Marta Annunziata, Barbara Deidda, Iacopo Gesmundo, Thierry Abribat, Aart-Jan van der Lely, Giampiero Muccioli, Ezio Ghigo, and Mauro Papotti

ET Gormsen LC Jessen N Lund S Hansen TK Moller N Jorgensen JO 2008 Ghrelin infusion in humans induces acute insulin resistance and lipolysis independent of growth hormone signaling . Diabetes 57 3205 – 3210 . Volante M Rosas R

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R Serrano, M Villar, C Martínez, J M Carrascosa, N Gallardo, and A Andrés

lipolysis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 239 375 –385. Ruiz P , Pulido JA, Martinez C, Carrascosa JM, Satrustegui J & Andres A 1992 Effect of aging on the kinetic characteristics of the insulin receptor

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Maria Sörhede Winzell and Bo Ahrén

Scandinavia 132 289 – 296 . Sörhede Winzell M Ahrén B 2004 Glucagon-like peptide-1 and islet lipolysis . Hormone and Metabolic Research 36 795 – 803 . Stoffers DA Kieffer TJ Hussain MA Drucker DJ Bonner-Weir S Habener JF Egan JM 2000

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L Quignodon, C Legrand, N Allioli, A Guadaño-Ferraz, J Bernal, J Samarut, and F Flamant

receptor alpha gene mutation (P398H) is associated with visceral adiposity and impaired catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis in mice. Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 38913 –38920. Livak JL & Schmittgen TD 2001 Analysis

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M J Watt, R J Southgate, A G Holmes, and M A Febbraio

attenuated, suggesting that mechanisms other than FFA are important for their gene expression. Despite total suppression of lipolysis, NA ingestion at rest increased the mRNA content of PGC1α and PPARα/δ, which was associated with elevated plasma epinephrine

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Penny Ahlstrom, Esther Rai, Suharto Chakma, Hee Ho Cho, Palanivel Rengasamy, and Gary Sweeney

Yan W Xia Y Chen X Wang W Zhang J Gao C Peng C Yan F 2016 Branched chain amino acids cause liver injury in obese/diabetic mice by promoting adipocyte lipolysis and inhibiting hepatic autophagy . EBioMedicine 13 157 – 167 . ( doi