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Guojun Shi, Chen Sun, Weiqiong Gu, Minglan Yang, Xiaofang Zhang, Nan Zhai, Yan Lu, Zhijian Zhang, Peishun Shou, Zhiguo Zhang, and Guang Ning

and regulated gut hormones and motility ( Xiong et al . 2004 , Samuel et al . 2008 ). Then, several other groups argued that FFAR2 rather than FFAR3 inhibited lipolysis and triggered leptin secretion and adipogenesis ( Hong et al . 2005 , Ge et

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Jacqueline M Wallace, John S Milne, Raymond P Aitken, and Clare L Adam

the first report on adipose tissue HSL gene expression in relation to offspring gender, and the higher expression in males compared with females is commensurate with steroid hormone activation of HSL leading to enhanced lipolysis ( Mayes & Watson

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Kenneth Siddle

( Manning & Cantley 2007 , Vasudevan & Garraway 2010 ). Both Akt-dependent and -independent mechanisms have been implicated in regulation of adipose tissue lipolysis by insulin ( Berggreen et al . 2009 , Choi et al . 2010 ). The precise functions of

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Pamela Petrocchi-Passeri, Cheryl Cero, Alessandro Cutarelli, Claudio Frank, Cinzia Severini, Alessandro Bartolomucci, and Roberta Possenti

). The C-terminal internal fragment TLQP-21 – which was originally investigated for its role in energy balance and lipolysis ( Bartolomucci et al . 2006 , 2009 , Fargali et al . 2012 , Possenti et al . 2012 ) – has recently been implicated in

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Ewa Harasim-Symbor, Karolina Konstantynowicz-Nowicka, and Adrian Chabowski

adipose tissue lipolysis and increases the content of fatty acids in plasma ( Han et al . 2015 ). In conclusion, the above-mentioned disturbances may be evoked by both endogenous and exogenous glucocorticoids, which play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis

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Björn Hansson, Sebastian Wasserstrom, Björn Morén, Vipul Periwal, Petter Vikman, Samuel W Cushman, Olga Göransson, Petter Storm, and Karin G Stenkula

HA , et al . 2015 ApoA-I Milano stimulates lipolysis in adipose cells independently of cAMP/PKA activation . Journal of Lipid Research 56 2248 – 2259 . ( ) 26504176 10.1194/jlr.M054767 Liu C DeRoo EP

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Li Hu, Fengli He, Meifeng Huang, Meihua Peng, Zhiguang Zhou, Feng Liu, and Yan-Shan Dai

inflammation causes inflammation and insulin resistance in other insulin-sensitive tissues ( Rosen & Spiegelman 2006 , Guilherme et al . 2008 , Reilly & Saltiel 2017 ). Our results also were in line with previous studies that showed lipolysis in AT promotes

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Jan Wilde, Maria Erdmann, Michael Mertens, Gabriele Eiselt, and Martin Schmidt

content in adipose tissue surrounding breast tumors ( Meng et al . 2001 ). These cytokines, e.g. TNFα, via the induction of insulin resistance, also stimulate lipolysis in adipocytes ( Uysal et al . 1997 ). As local lipolysis is the most likely source of

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S M Jeyakumar, A Vajreswari, B Sesikeran, and N V Giridharan

study of obesity. Scandinavian Journal of Laboratory Animal Sciences 23 131 –139. Gong HX , Guo XR, Fei L & Guo M, Liu QQ & Chen RH 2003 Lipolysis and apoptosis of adipocytes induced by neuropeptide Y-Y5 receptor

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Amy Warner and Jens Mittag

JJ Brent GA 2003 A thyroid hormone receptor alpha gene mutation (P398H) is associated with visceral adiposity and impaired catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis in mice . Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 38913 – 38920 . doi:10.1074/jbc