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I J Bujalska, M Quinkler, J W Tomlinson, C T Montague, D M Smith, and P M Stewart

electrolyte homeostasis and lipolysis in human adipocytes was decreased 2.7-fold by cortisol and was below detection levels in SC cells. Common adipose-specific genes Twenty-eight genes were upregulated by cortisol in both

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Stefania Carobbio, Barry Rosen, and Antonio Vidal-Puig

profile and mature brown adipocytes displayed functional properties such as increased lipolysis in response to β-adrenergic stimulation and oxygen consumption levels. Stable, faithful maintenance of both the brown and white adipocyte phenotypes could be

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Li Hu, Fengli He, Meifeng Huang, Meihua Peng, Zhiguang Zhou, Feng Liu, and Yan-Shan Dai

inflammation causes inflammation and insulin resistance in other insulin-sensitive tissues ( Rosen & Spiegelman 2006 , Guilherme et al . 2008 , Reilly & Saltiel 2017 ). Our results also were in line with previous studies that showed lipolysis in AT promotes

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Ewa Harasim-Symbor, Karolina Konstantynowicz-Nowicka, and Adrian Chabowski

adipose tissue lipolysis and increases the content of fatty acids in plasma ( Han et al . 2015 ). In conclusion, the above-mentioned disturbances may be evoked by both endogenous and exogenous glucocorticoids, which play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis

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Björn Hansson, Sebastian Wasserstrom, Björn Morén, Vipul Periwal, Petter Vikman, Samuel W Cushman, Olga Göransson, Petter Storm, and Karin G Stenkula

HA , et al . 2015 ApoA-I Milano stimulates lipolysis in adipose cells independently of cAMP/PKA activation . Journal of Lipid Research 56 2248 – 2259 . ( ) 26504176 10.1194/jlr.M054767 Liu C DeRoo EP

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Kenneth Siddle

( Manning & Cantley 2007 , Vasudevan & Garraway 2010 ). Both Akt-dependent and -independent mechanisms have been implicated in regulation of adipose tissue lipolysis by insulin ( Berggreen et al . 2009 , Choi et al . 2010 ). The precise functions of

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Guojun Shi, Chen Sun, Weiqiong Gu, Minglan Yang, Xiaofang Zhang, Nan Zhai, Yan Lu, Zhijian Zhang, Peishun Shou, Zhiguo Zhang, and Guang Ning

and regulated gut hormones and motility ( Xiong et al . 2004 , Samuel et al . 2008 ). Then, several other groups argued that FFAR2 rather than FFAR3 inhibited lipolysis and triggered leptin secretion and adipogenesis ( Hong et al . 2005 , Ge et

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Jacqueline M Wallace, John S Milne, Raymond P Aitken, and Clare L Adam

the first report on adipose tissue HSL gene expression in relation to offspring gender, and the higher expression in males compared with females is commensurate with steroid hormone activation of HSL leading to enhanced lipolysis ( Mayes & Watson

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Amy Warner and Jens Mittag

JJ Brent GA 2003 A thyroid hormone receptor alpha gene mutation (P398H) is associated with visceral adiposity and impaired catecholamine-stimulated lipolysis in mice . Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 38913 – 38920 . doi:10.1074/jbc

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S M Jeyakumar, A Vajreswari, B Sesikeran, and N V Giridharan

study of obesity. Scandinavian Journal of Laboratory Animal Sciences 23 131 –139. Gong HX , Guo XR, Fei L & Guo M, Liu QQ & Chen RH 2003 Lipolysis and apoptosis of adipocytes induced by neuropeptide Y-Y5 receptor