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Nora Martínez, Melisa Kurtz, Evangelina Capobianco, Romina Higa, Verónica White, and Alicia Jawerbaum

.1155/2008/142082 . Belfort R Berria R Cornell J Cusi K 2010 Fenofibrate reduces systemic inflammation markers independent of its effects on lipid and glucose metabolism in patients with the metabolic syndrome . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

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Francesco Maria Egro

of this figure available via http://dx.doi.org/10.1530/JME-13-0067 . Direct infection Viral infection of the β-cells induces cell cytolysis, which leads to a raised immune response and inflammation. Molecular mimicry Sequences between foreign and

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Roger López-Bellido, Katherine Barreto-Valer, and Raquel E Rodríguez

, striatum, mesencephalon, medulla oblongata, and the dorsal horn of the spinal cord; Shults et al . 1984 , Maeno et al . 1993 ) and its activation has been implicated in different processes such as pain, synaptic transmission, neurogenic inflammation

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Jin-Seung Choung, Young-Sun Lee, and Hee-Sook Jun

cell inflammation through a calcium and AMPK dependent mechanism . PLoS ONE 9 e97554 . ( doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097554 ) Layer P Holst JJ Grandt D Goebell H 1995 Ileal release of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). Association

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Alexander Kot, Zhendong A Zhong, Hongliang Zhang, Yu-An Evan Lay, Nancy E Lane, and Wei Yao

-kappa B signaling pathway were downregulated in PRcKO males. Notably, genes in the antigen receptor signaling and genes involved in regulating inflammation downstream of NFkB were downregulated. Three of the four upregulated genes, Bcl2 , B cl2l1 and

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Yajie Guo, Junjie Yu, Chunxia Wang, Kai Li, Bin Liu, Ying Du, Fei Xiao, Shanghai Chen, and Feifan Guo

.26672 ) 23929732 10.1002/hep.26672 Bradbury MW 2006 Lipid metabolism and liver inflammation. I. Hepatic fatty acid uptake: possible role in steatosis . American Journal of Physiology: Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology 290 G194 – G198

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Sunan Li, Juxiong Liu, Qingkang Lv, Chuan Zhang, Shiyao Xu, Dongxue Yang, Bingxu Huang, Yalong Zeng, Yingjie Gao, and Wei Wang

proinflammatory cytokines in LPS-stimulated macrophages through distinct signaling pathways . Mediators of Inflammation 2013 548073 . ( doi:10.1155/2013/548073 ) Li B Zeng M He W Huang X Luo L Zhang H Deng DY 2015 Ghrelin

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Yanxia Tang and GuoDong Li

to relaxation of the blood vessel ( Moncada et al . 1988 , Kuchan & Frangos 1994 ). In addition, NO plays an important role in inhibiting inflammation and atherosclerosis as it reduces the adhesion and interaction of white cells with endothelium

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Eugenia Mata-Greenwood, P Naomi Jackson, William J Pearce, and Lubo Zhang

Introduction Glucocorticoids are therapeutic agents used for reducing inflammation via targeting the glucocorticoid receptor ( NR3C1, GR ) of immune cells ( Auphan et al . 1995 , Barnes 1998 ). However, glucocorticoids also target the GR

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Özlem Erdogdu, Linnéa Eriksson, Hua Xu, Åke Sjöholm, Qimin Zhang, and Thomas Nyström

TNF-α-induced oxidative stress and inflammation in endothelial cells . Atherosclerosis 221 375 – 382 . ( doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2011.12.039 ). Steinberg HO Paradisi G Hook G Crowder K Cronin J Baron AD 2000 Free fatty acid