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Umberto Bernabucci, Loredana Basiricò, Patrizia Morera, Nicola Lacetera, Bruno Ronchi, and Alessandro Nardone

decade, several researchers demonstrated that adipose tissue is an active participant in regulating physiologic and pathologic processes, including carbohydrate/lipid metabolism, inflammation, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes, and obesity. Adipose

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Yang Mi, Na Guo, Tongqiang He, Jing Ji, Zhibin Li, and Pu Huang

was reported to regulate retinal inflammation through suppressing adenosine deaminase-2 in diabetes ( Fulzele et al . 2015 ). miR-192, miR-194, miR-204, and miR-215 were found enriched in human kidney ( Sun et al . 2004 ), where they target genes

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Dong Zhao, Jinhua Jia, and Hong Shao

plays an important part in many different physiological and pathological processes, including the growth and differentiation of organism, cell proliferation and tumor, inflammation and endocrine diseases ( Jackson & Levin 2012 ). To date, a great number

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Tristan M Lovell, Russell J Woods, David J Butlin, Kerensa J Brayley, Isaac T Manyonda, Jackie Jarvis, Steve Howell, and Philip J Lowry

proCRF in the plasma contain PC as a PTM suggests that PC plays an important function during pregnancy and may be the reason for the elevated levels of C-reactive protein ( Tjoa 2003 ) and the accompanying inflammation seen in this condition ( Redman et

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Satoshi Takizawa, Tsuyoshi Uchide, Javier Adur, Takaharu Kozakai, Eiichi Kotake-Nara, Jiexia Quan, and Kaname Saida

(day 0, Fig. 4A ). From day 1 to day 5 inflammation was not detected clearly (Fig. 4D, F and H ). At day 7, evidence of inflammation – infiltration of inflammatory cells and focal disappearance of mucosal crypts – was observed (Fig. 4J

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Céline Callewaere, Ghazal Banisadr, William Rostène, and Stéphane Mélik Parsadaniantz

inflammation and immunity. Immunology Today 21 418 –420. Bajetto A , Barbero S, Bonavia R, Piccioli P, Pirani P, Florio T & Schettini G 2001 Stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha induces astrocyte proliferation through the

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Ting Xiao, Xiuci Liang, Hailan Liu, Feng Zhang, Wen Meng, and Fang Hu

that stress-induced HSP60 might stimulate inflammation resulting in metabolic dysfunction and insulin resistance, but the underlying mechanism still requires further investigation. Interestingly, it was reported that rosiglitazone enhanced insulin

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Yabing Mi, Wangsheng Wang, Jiangwen Lu, Chuyue Zhang, Yawei Wang, Hao Ying, and Kang Sun

speculate that proinflammatory cytokines accumulated in inflammation may at least intensify the degradation of collagens by cortisol in the amnion fibroblasts in this regard. In conclusion, this study has demonstrated that cortisol regenerated by 11β-HSD1

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Tae Woo Jung, Hyoung-Chun Kim, Yong Kyoo Shin, Hyeyoung Min, Seong-Wan Cho, Zi Soo Kim, Su Mi Han, A M Abd El-Aty, Ahmet Hacımüftüoğlu, and Ji Hoon Jeong

Protectin DX attenuates LPS-induced inflammation and insulin resistance in adipocytes via AMPK-mediated suppression of the NF-kappaB pathway . American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism 315 E543 – E551 . (

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Ying Xing, Jingbo Lai, Xiangyang Liu, Nana Zhang, Jie Ming, Hengxin Liu, and Xi Zhang

51 815 – 824 . ( doi:10.1682/JRRD.2013.08.0174 ) Mohamed R Jayakumar C Ranganathan PV Ganapathy V Ramesh G 2012 Kidney proximal tubular epithelial-specific overexpression of netrin-1 suppresses inflammation and albuminuria