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L Y Ching, Bonnie H Y Yeung, and Chris K C Wong

inflammation and carcinogenesis ( Wagner et al . 1997 , Madsen et al . 1998 , Chang et al . 2003 , Yoshiko & Aubin 2004 , Ellard et al . 2007 , Re & Cook 2010 , Sheikh-Hamad 2010 ). Cancer has been considered as a chronic inflammatory disease ( Lopez

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Juan Liu, Xiaocen Kong, Long Wang, Hanmei Qi, Wenjuan Di, Xiao Zhang, Lin Wu, Xia Chen, Jing Yu, Juanmin Zha, Shan Lv, Aisen Zhang, Peng Cheng, Miao Hu, Yujie Li, Jianhua Bi, Yan Li, Fang Hu, Yi Zhong, Yong Xu, and Guoxian Ding

, Staab & Maser 2010 ). Besides, we recently found that BVT.2733, a selective 11β-HSD1 inhibitor, could even attenuate the inflammation of WAT in diet-induced obese mice ( Wang et al . 2012 ). However, the role of 11β-HSD1 in BAT remains largely unknown

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Rihua Zhang, Dongming Su, Weidong Zhu, Qiong Huang, Menglan Liu, Yi Xue, Yuanyuan Zhang, Dong li, Allan Zhao, and Yun Liu

models have shown that oophorectomy results in obesity, altered fat distribution, adipose tissue inflammation, and development of fatty liver ( Rogers et al . 2009 , Stubbins et al . 2012 ). Estrogen therapy is believed to have beneficial effects on

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Qin He, Dan Mei, Sha Sha, Shanshan Fan, Lin Wang, and Ming Dong

isoquinoline alkaloid isolated from Berberis vulgaris L, has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat diarrhoea, insulin resistance, inflammation and gastrointestinal disorders. Recently, there is fast-growing concerns in exploring its

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M Blumenstein, J A Keelan, J M Bowen-Shauver, and M D Mitchell

SOCS proteins in gestational tissues with term labor, and hypothesized that a decrease in SOCS proteins in the term placenta could be part of the mechanism facilitating labor-associated inflammation, or part of a feed-forward mechanism for amplification

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Marc Simard, Caroline Underhill, and Geoffrey L Hammond

thought to promote the delivery of cortisol to sites of inflammation ( Hammond et al . 1990 , Lin et al . 2009 ). A metalloprotease (LasB), secreted by the pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, may also contribute to the localized release of cortisol from

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Ying Chen, Hua Ni, Xing-Hong Ma, Shi-Jun Hu, Li-Ming Luan, Gang Ren, Yue-Chao Zhao, Shi-Jie Li, Hong-Lu Diao, Xiu Xu, Zhen-Ao Zhao, and Zeng-Ming Yang

-implantation site on day 5 of pregnancy (Fig. 3K ), and on day 5 of pseudopregnancy (Fig. 3L ). T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing 2 ( Timd2 ) is critical for the regulation of Th2 responses during autoimmune inflammation ( Chakravarti et al. 2005

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Zhao Yang, Zhi-Li Huang, and Ya-Xiong Tao

cardiovascular function ( Versteeg et al . 1998 , Mioni et al . 2003 ), natriuresis ( Ni et al . 2006 , Chandramohan et al . 2009 ), and inflammation ( Catania et al . 2004 , Getting et al . 2006 , Getting et al . 2008 ). The MC3R, together with MC4R

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Tarlliza R Nardelli, Emerielle C Vanzela, Keli C Benedicto, Flora Brozzi, André Fujita, Alessandra K Cardozo, Décio L Eizirik, Antonio C Boschero, and Fernanda Ortis

beta cells in the context of inflammation. The findings obtained indicate that PRL exerts an anti-apoptotic role in rat beta cells exposed to pro-inflammatory cytokines potentially through STAT3. PRL induces AKT phosphorylation and consequentially

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Michael Welsh, Maria Jamalpour, Guangxiang Zang, and Björn Åkerblom

detected as selectively present in focal adhesions ( Winograd-Katz et al . 2014 ). SHB and inflammation A characteristic feature of SHB based on data obtained from the Shb knockout mouse is its involvement in inflammatory processes ( Arbiser 2015 ). An