Search Results

You are looking at 121 - 130 of 369 items for :

  • inflammation x
  • All content x
Clear All
Free access

Patrizia Morera, Loredana Basiricò, Kenji Hosoda, and Umberto Bernabucci

(e.g. endotoxins) from the gastrointestinal lumen to the blood. Endotoxins entering the blood stream may induce the development of inflammation by stimulating the secretion and release of a variety of pro-inflammatory factors ( Lambert et al . 2002

Free access

Guoqing Lei, Linxi Chen, Miao Peng, Bolin Zeng, Qiaoxi Yang, Hening Zhai, and Geyang Xu

, Blahoianu et al. 2014 ). IL-27 inhibits streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemia and pancreatic islet inflammation in type 1 diabetic mice ( Fujimoto et al. 2011 ). Toll-like receptor-induced secretion of IL-27 is defective in newly diagnosed type-2

Free access

Jerzy-Roch Nofer

permanent hyperlipidemic state, which favors penetration of pro-atherogenic lipoproteins into the arterial wall and produces chronic inflammation accompanied by monocytosis promoting the recruitment of monocytes into the vessel wall. While a cholesterol

Free access

Karen Fjeldborg, Holger J Møller, Bjørn Richelsen, and Steen B Pedersen

Introduction In obesity, there is an increased amount of macrophages in the adipose tissue (AT), which is associated with low-grade inflammation and insulin resistance ( Weisberg et al . 2003 , Dandona et al . 2004 ). CD163 is a membrane

Free access

Dawn X Zhang and Christopher K Glass

immunity and normal homeostatic processes, macrophages are essential to the body's ability to control inflammation. Consequently, these immune cells have been implicated in multiple disease processes such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple

Free access

Melisa Kurtz, Evangelina Capobianco, Nora Martinez, Sabrina Lorena Roberti, Edith Arany, and Alicia Jawerbaum

identified, is an important regulator of myocardial lipid metabolism that also contributes to the control of inflammation and oxidative stress ( Wahli & Michalik 2012 , Lee et al . 2013 , Palomer et al . 2013 ). PPARα is expressed in the fetal heart and

Free access

Kun Chen, Ji-Dan Zhou, Feng Zhang, Fang Zhang, Rui-Rui Zhang, Meng-Si Zhan, Xiao-Yin Tang, Bing Deng, Ming-Gang Lei, and Yuan-Zhu Xiong

studies showed that GPR120 has been shown to play an important role in various physiological processes such as lipogenesis, inflammation, adipogenesis, and glucose intolerance ( Gotoh et al . 2007 , Tanaka et al . 2008 , Oh et al . 2010 , Ichimura

Free access

C Folgueira, S Barja-Fernandez, P Gonzalez-Saenz, V Pena-Leon, C Castelao, M Ruiz-Piñon, F F Casanueva, R Nogueiras, and L M Seoane

associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress ( Kim et al . 2016 ). In line with this observation, a recent study has found that inflammation correlates with decreased circulating proUGN levels female adolescents with obesity ( Di Guglielmo et al . 2017

Free access

Melanie Sapochnik, Mariana Fuertes, and Eduardo Arzt

Introduction Cytokines perform essential roles during infection, cancer and inflammation where they regulate cellular proliferation, differentiation and survival or death ( Dranoff 2004 , Dinarello 2007 ). In particular, interleukin 6 (IL-6

Free access

Jessica Sabourin and Florent Allagnat

variety of cell functions such as proliferation, growth, migration, inflammation and apoptosis. In addition, SOCE has been proposed to contribute to short-term cellular responses such as Ca 2+ oscillations, exocytosis and muscle contractility. Despite the