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Johan Svensson, Sofia Movérare-Skrtic, Sara Windahl, Charlotte Swanson, and Klara Sjögren

some or all of the lipolysis that is independent of hormone-sensitive lipase ( Soni et al . 2004 ), was up-regulated in muscle by E 2 , indicating increased utilization of free fatty acids as fuel. Synaptic transmission DHT up-regulated several genes

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Yanjun Liu, Yuichi Nakagawa, Ying Wang, Limei Liu, Hongwei Du, Wei Wang, Xiuhai Ren, Kabirullah Lutfy, and Theodore C Friedman

adipose tissue and decreases lipolysis . Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 92 857 – 864 . Walker BR Connacher AA Lindsay RM Webb DJ Edwards CR 1995 Carbenoxolone increases hepatic insulin sensitivity in man: a novel role for 11

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Afreen Idris Shariff, Sohail Syed, Rebecca A Shelby, Jeremy Force, Jeffrey Melson Clarke, David D’Alessio, and Leonor Corsino

adipose tissue, CST increases the breakdown of lipids by inducing lipolysis and raising local accumulation of non-sterified fatty acids, a mechanism that has been associated with greater increasing insulin resistance ( Perez et al. 2014 ). Apart from

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Eva Tudurí, Monica Imbernon, Rene Javier Hernández-Bautista, Marta Tojo, Johan Fernø, Carlos Diéguez, and Rubén Nogueiras

-Hyiaman et al . 2008 ). In addition, activation of CB1 increases lipogenesis and inflammation and reduces lipolysis, in the white adipose tissue (WAT) ( Silvestri & Di Marzo 2013 ). Furthermore, CB1 activation impairs insulin sensitivity, as evidenced by

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Rebecca Roy, Caitlyn Nguyen-Ngo, and Martha Lappas

force in term pregnant rat myometrium . Journal of Physiology 593 4603 – 4614 . ( https://doi.org/10.1113/JP270631 ) Heimann E Nyman M Degerman E 2015 Propionic acid and butyric acid inhibit lipolysis and de novo lipogenesis and increase

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Sofia A Rahman, Azizun Nessa, and Khalid Hussain

inappropriate release leads to persistent hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia (HH). This drives glucose into the insulin sensitive tissues and simultaneously suppresses lipolysis and ketogenesis. The combined hypoketonaemic and hypoglycaemic characteristic of CHI

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Ting Qi, Yanming Chen, Honggui Li, Ya Pei, Shih-Lung Woo, Xin Guo, Jiajia Zhao, Xiaoxian Qian, Joseph Awika, Yuqing Huo, and Chaodong Wu

and resveratrol ameliorate muscle insulin resistance through preventing lipolysis and inflammation in hypoxic adipose tissue . Cell Signal 28 1401 – 1411 . ( doi:10.1016/j.cellsig.2016.06.018 ) Zheng J Woo S-L Hu X Botchlett R

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Elisa Manieri and Guadalupe Sabio

secretion of adipokines ( Gavrilova et al . 2000 ). In the obese state, adipocyte enlargement induces molecular and cellular alterations that affect whole-body metabolic homeostasis. Increased lipolysis in adipocytes leads to increased hyperlipidaemia and

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Ana Luísa Neves, João Coelho, Luciana Couto, Adelino Leite-Moreira, and Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque Jr

of triglyceride, hepatic de novo fatty acid synthesis, and lipolysis. High doses of LPS produce hypertriglyceridemia by decreasing lipoprotein catabolism. Administration of TNF antibodies or IL1 receptor antagonist did not prevent the increase in

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Kazuyoshi Ukena, Tomohiro Osugi, Jérôme Leprince, Hubert Vaudry, and Kazuyoshi Tsutsui

-induced lipolysis ( Malumba et al . 2010 ). As 3T3-L1 cells express the QRFPR-encoding gene, it appears that 26RFa/QRFP may act in an autocrine/paracrine manner to regulate adipogenesis ( Malumba et al . 2010 ). According to Alonzeau et al . (2013) , 26RFa